Ebolowa: Archaeological Researchers Discover three ancient iron Ore Smelting quarries


Four archaeological researchers from the department of Arts and Archaeology of the University of Yaoundé 1 have discovered three iron ore quarries in Enongal-Bulu in Ebolowa.The discovery is indicative of probable iron ore smelting activities in the area about 3000 years ago.

The team of researchers headed by Dr Hassimi Sambo had been invited to carry out a rescue archeology besides the Memvele Hydroelectric project. This is in accordance with law no 2013/003 of 18th April 2013 on cultural heritage which states in article 43 that ” all extraction , rehabilitation and construction works within the framework of giant construction projects must first of all be subject to diagnosis and archeological surveys”

The Archeological Researchers

The prime mission of the team was therefore, to protect all relics of the project site.While observing the path of the machines that traced a path through the forest, the researchers found some objects on the surface of the earth indicative of previous human existence.

In a 70 centimeters deep pit was a number of artifacts to confirm the assertions of the Archaeological researchers.


List of Artifacts Discovered

Iron ore

# Ceramics
# iron remains
# charcoal


Although more scientific technology is required to get specifics, one fact stands out; that some iron ore smelting activity took place around the area about 3000 years ago.The researchers recommended that the site be protected for a more detailed research.

The Way Forward

Samples of the artifacts discovered were extracted to be sent to more sophisticated
laboratories abroad for dating of the quarry sites. The researchers might proceed by carrying out  comparative studies on previous findings done on the area.

Kathy Neba Sina

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