The 31st African Union Summit has opened in Nouakchott, Mauritania with African Heads of State and Government discussion issues of corruption, peace and security on the continent.
The Summit is holding under the 2018 theme of the year, “Winning the Fight against Corruption: A Sustainable Path to Africa’s Transformation”.
The host, Mauritanian President, Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz told African leaders that winning the fight against corruption is a prerequisite for progress and prosperity as he expounded on the importance of the theme.
The African Union Commission, Chairperson Moussa Faki Mahamat issues peace and security, noted that the question of peace, security and stability remained a major pre-occupation on the continent saying “The attack on the headquarters of the G5 a few days ago, highlights the need for increased mobilisation in support of the region, if necessary.”
The current Chairman of the African Union, Rwandan President Paul Kagame who is chairing the session saluted the respect of the African Union golden rules which resulted in a drop of the 2019 budget of the AU by 12% compared to 2018.
Cameroon’s position will be presented at the High level continental meeting by Prime Minister – Head of Government, Philemon Yang. The meeting is coming shortly after the conference on the non proliferation of small arms and light weapons that held in Cameroon.
The resolutions of the conference will be part of the report on Peace and Security on the continent that will also be presented to evaluate progress made in reducing armed conflicts in Africa in line with Agenda 2063.
Cameroon’s experience in the fight against corruption will also useful to the continent body during penal discussion to evaluate strides made in fighting corruption and developing new strategies to curb the vice led by Muhammadu Buhari, President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria who is the champion of the 2018 theme.
The African Union Commissioner for Infrastructure, Energy and Tourism highlighted the importance of developing the sector, stating that Tourism supports 21 million jobs in Africa.
The 31st AU summit will also be occasion to evaluated progress made in the implementation of the AU Institutional Reforms. The current chair of the African Union and the President of the AU Institutional Reforms process President Paul Kagame of Rwanda will enlighten his peers on grounds covered so far.
Women’s empowerment and gender equality is also top on the agenda at the summit. The African Continental Free Trade Area (AfCFTA) which has been signed by 44 countries and ratified by Kenya, Ghana, Rwanda and Niger will also feature in the discussions.
During the summit, the African Union condemned the terrorist attack perpetrated against Headquarters of the Joint G5 Sahel in Sévaré in the centre of Mali.