Less than a week since the start of the November session of Parliament, six government bills have been presented to the 180 member house chamber. The bills tabled during the 3rd ordinary session for the 2020 Legislative Year include:
Bill To Ratify The Criminal Police Cooperation Agreement Between Central African States
The bill to authorise the President of the Republic to ratify the criminal police cooperation agreement between Central African States signed in Yaoundé Cameroon on September 18, 2015
the bill which will boost Cameroon’s legal areal for effective cross border crime control is part of reforms part of the cooperation mechanism with the International Criminal Police Organisation (ICPO-INTERPOL) to which CEMAC states belong. It seeks to improve regional police cooperation by enabling effective crime Control in Central African sub region.
It will lay the framework for intelligence exchange, criminal investigation, crime prevention and general policing issues and circumvent the cumbersome traditional extradition procedures.
The bill provides that it will be possible to obtain the prompt handing over of fugitive criminals through a simple request containing a summary statement of the facts, their characteristics, a copy of the relevant legal provisions, the list of suspects, their accomplices as well as their photographs.
Bill To Ratify The Multilateral Convention To Implement Tax Treaty
The second Bill is that to authorise the President of the Republic to ratify the multilateral convention to implement tax treaty related to measures to prevent base erosion and profit shifting, adopted on November 24, 2016.
The bill seeks principally to boost the country’s capacity to boost international tax avoidance. It enables government to transpose into their bilateral tax treaties, the measures designed to reduce tax avoidance possibilities and improve dispute resolution mechanisms while providing some flexibility.
The ratification of the treaty is expected to increase tax revenue notably through improved protection of the tax base and a more effective fight against tax treaty abuse, for tax revenue optimisation purposes. It will provide the legal tools to the tax administration to efficiently and effectively combat tax treaty abuse.
Bill To Authorise Cameroon’s Accession To The Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol
The third is the bill to authorise the president of the republic to proceed with Cameroon’s accession to the Nagoya-Kuala Lumpur supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Bio-safety adopted at NAGOYA, Japan on October 15, 2010.
The Protocol will regulate the trans-boundary movement of genetically modified Organism, GMS.
Cameroon’s accession to the Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur supplementary protocol will enable the country to:
1- Reinforce its normative mechanism such as the law to lay down safety regulations governing modern biotechnology in Cameroon
2- Put in place a framework conducive to trend in precautionary measures in order to protect its environmental, social, cultural, and economic space,
3- Express government’s determination to prevent and punish cases of damage by GMOs
4- Make the most of the potential that GMO technology can offer by protecting itself against its excesses
5- Acquire tools required to prevent biodiversity and human health caused by living modified Organisms.
Bill On Air Services Between Cameroon And The United Arab Emirates
The fourth is the bill to authorise the President of the Republic to ratify the agreement between the government of the Republic of Cameroon and the Government of the United Arab Emirates relating to air services between territories and beyond, signed on March 20, 2020.
The bill is the fruit of long negotiations in line with the policy if diversifying partners and consolidating diplomatic ties between Cameroon and the United Arab Emirates.
The agreement also paves the way for veritable economic cooperation with the Emirates by easing the movement of business persons and investors. The “Open Sky” agreement will mark the liberalisation of air services in line with the international dynamics to make air transport competitive through better quality services to passengers.
The ratification of the bill will help open a new air route that showcases Cameroon as an attractive destination for tourism and a window to the Gulf countries.
The Fifth Is The Settlement Bill For 2019 Financial Year
The bill is an examination the examination of the level of execution of the 2019 state budget.
A the International level, the economic context was marked by slow down due to increase in trade barriers, geopolitical tensions and low productivity in danced countries.
Consequently growth rate in advanced countries reduced from 2.3 in 2018 to 1.7 % in 2019.
In sub Sahara Africa growth rate was growth was stabilised at 3.2 in both years.
In the CEMAC zone, IMF estimated growth at 2.5 in 2019 as against 1.7 in 2018
Nationally the life of the nation in 2019 was marked by the SONARA fire outbreak, security crisis in the North West, South West and Far North Regions, the General Code of Regional and Local Authorities enacted in December 2019, The continued implementation of the Economic and Financial Programme with the IMF, continuation of CHAN 2020 and AFCON 2021 projects amongst others.
Bill On Agreement On Migration Issues Between Cameroon And Switzerland
The sixth bill tabled at the National Assembly is that to authorised the President of the Republic to ratify the agreement on Migration issues between the Government of the republic of Cameroon and the Swiss Federal Council signed on September 26, 2014.
The agreement seeks to define modalities of cooperation in migration management between the two countries. it grants facilities for nationals of both countries to enter and side in each other’s territory and promote respect for human rights of irregular migrants.
It also covers individual and structured assisted return measures for irregular migrants:
– Payment of return expenses of registered retainees
– Grant of relocation financial assistance for individual projects
– Grants of financial assistance for return on medical grounds.
The agreement will provide Cameroon with non punitive but dissuasive legal instrument to check clandestine emigration whilst strengthening bilateral cooperation between Cameroon and Switzerland.
The six bills will be examined at committee level and subsequently defended in plenary where they would eventually be adopted for forward to the President of the Republic to be enacted into law.